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Henri IV - An unfinished reign

Listen to the the music tracks

Vois-je pas un Soleil s’élevant

Pierre Guédron

Source : Doulce Mémoire; dir. Denis Raisin-Dadre; unpublished recording of a concert given at Versailles (Salon d’Hercule, 11 October 2003), within the context of a conference "Louis XIII musicien et les musiciens de Louis XIII", organised by the Centre de Musique Baroque de Versailles; recording: Thierry Géroux, Atelier d’Euterpe (Le Chesnay).


After the death of the king on 14 May 1610, the Dauphin, who was only nine years old, was immediately registered by the Parlement as the legitimate heir. He was then confirmed the following morning at a Lit de Justice. The reign of Louis, "thirteenth in name", thus began. It lasted 42 years, until Louis's death in 1643 – on 14 May.
This air was published for the first time in 1611; it is dedicated to the young Louis XIII, whose accession to the throne it celebrates, and promises him a brilliant reign. Among other virtues, it praises the qualities that the young king has inherited from his parents, Henri IV and Marie de Médicis.


Pierre Guédron

(ca. 1565–1620)

Pierre Guédron was the youngest of the three composers at the court of Henri IV. He was born at Châteaudun in 1565 or 1567. In contrast to his older colleagues Claude Le Jeune and Eustache Du Caurroy, Guédron excelled only in the composition of secular music, and rapidly became a master of the genre.

His name appears in the historical record for the first time in 1583, when he was listed as one of five singers from the chapel of Louis II de Guise, cardinal de Lorraine, that had performed at the Puy de Musique d'Évreux that year. He is described as singing "countertenor in an excellent manner", despite being "of changing voice", i.e. between 15 and 18 years old. The date of his arrival at court is unknown. Perhaps he joined the singers of the Musique du Roi after the death of the cardinal de Lorraine in 1588. His name first appears in the royal accounts in 1599, as Maître des enfants de la Musique de la Chambre. By March 1601 at the latest, Guédron was appointed Compositeur de la Musique de la Chambre, replacing Claude Le Jeune, who had died the previous year. His career reached its apogee under Louis XIII, when in 1613 he was appointed Surintendant de la Musique de la Chambre du roi and Maître de la Musique de la reine mère Marie de Médicis, leaving the post of Maître des enfants to his son-in-law Antoine Boesset (1587–1643). Guédron rapidly made a name for himself by his masterful treatment of the air de cour, a secular genre in which he was unrivalled. After several of his pieces had been quietly published in anonymous anthologies (1595, 1596 and 1597), in 1602 Ballard published the first collection devoted exclusively to Guédron, which made the musician famous. Guédron also supplied airs and recitatives for the main ballets performed at the French court between 1598 and 1620, from Ballet des Étrangers to Ballet d’Alcine. He is considered the finest French craftsman of the accompanied solo song. He died in 1620, sometime around 9 July.

A total of 185 of his airs de cours and ballet music have come down to us, in versions for four or five voices, or for voice and lute. These were published in anthologies and collections starting in 1595. The lion's share of them were published in six polyphonic collections signed by the Guédron and published by Ballard, "music printer to the king", between 1602 and 1620.

Transcription (in French)

Voy-je pas un soleil s’eslevant
Commencer sa carriere ?
Qui desja de souci nous privant,
R’empli tout de lumiere.
Le voyla, je le voy qui nous donne un beau jour,
Couvrant un cœur de Mars, d’un visage d’amour.

Ha ! qu’il est de ce grand Jupiter
La ressemblante image,
Qui voulant l’Univers luy quitter,
Prit le Ciel pour partage.
Le voyla…

Comme il montre en ses faits la bonté
Et la valeur du Pere,
On remarque en ses yeux la beauté,
Les graces de la Mere.
Le voyla…

Puisse-tu si long temps, ô grand Roy,
Regir ce bel Empire,
Que rengeant tous les Roys soubs ta loy,
L’Univers puisse dire
Le voyla…

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