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Henri IV - An unfinished reign

The fifth war (1574-1576)

The restrictive nature of the Edict of Boulogne drove moderates on both sides to rally behind François d’Alençon (the king's youngest brother), Henri de Navarre, Henri de Condé and Henri de Montmorency. They called themselves the "Malcontents" and, favourable to the concept of civil tolerance of all faiths, they joined forces against the intransigent Catholics. For the first time, the term "War of Religion" was inappropriate, since the fifth war pitted moderate Catholics and Protestants against other Catholics. The death of Charles IX and the accession of Henri III did not immediately weaken the royal camp, since the Catholics, led by Henri de Guise, won the only battle of consequence (Dormans, in October 1575). The end of the war was more favourable to the Huguenot side. The so-called Peace of Monsieur, named after the king's brother, was signed in May 1576. It was strengthened by the Edict of Beaulieu, the most liberal of the Edicts with respect to the Protestants.

Related multimedia

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Portrait of Charles IX, king of France
© RMN / Thierry le Mage
Portrait of Charles IX, king of France, drawing by Daniel Dumonstier, 1565. Musée du Louvre

Title: Portrait of Henri I de Bourbon, prince de Condé

Portrait of Henri I de Bourbon, prince de Condé
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